OverTheWire: Bandit Level 18 → Level 19

https://overthewire.org/wargames/bandit/bandit19.html

The password for the next level is stored in a file readme in the homedirectory. Unfortunately, someone has modified .bashrc to log you out when you log in with SSH.

ssh, ls, cat

> whatis ssh
ssh (1) - OpenSSH remote login client
> whatis ls
ls (1) - list directory contents
> whatis cat
cat (1) - concatenate files and print on the standard output

Note : Not all commands are required to complete the level

Solution

From reading the question we understand that we cannot login directly as the default shell “Bash” has been modified to not allow any login using SSH. So we need to use a shell other than bash to access the system.

The details of all the shells that are available on a system is stored under /etc/shells . Lets look at the file on our system to get an idea of what are the different shells that could be present on the target (Only on Linux)

> cat /etc/shells
# /etc/shells: valid login shells
/bin/sh
/bin/bash
/usr/bin/bash
/bin/rbash
/usr/bin/rbash
/bin/dash
/usr/bin/dash
/usr/bin/tmux
/usr/bin/screen

Note : Each line in the file represents an shell that is present on the system

Now that we have an idea of some of the shells that should be preset on all systems we can try logging with them using SSH. The -t flag of the SSH command is used to specify the shell to be used to login into the system.

$ ssh bandit18@bandit.labs.overthewire.org -p 2220 -t "/bin/sh"
This is a OverTheWire game server. More information on http://www.overthewire.org/wargames
bandit18@bandit.labs.overthewire.org's password: kfBf3eYk5BPBRzwjqutbbfE887SVc5Yd
$

We have managed to login successfully using the “sh” shell

Find the password that is present in the readme file

$ ls
readme
$ cat readme
IueksS7Ubh8G3DCwVzrTd8rAVOwq3M5x

We have got the password for the next level !!!

Logout of the current session and login into the next level using the password for bandit19

> ssh bandit19@bandit.labs.overthewire.org -p 2220
This is a OverTheWire game server. More information on http://www.overthewire.org/wargames
bandit19@bandit.labs.overthewire.org's password: IueksS7Ubh8G3DCwVzrTd8rAVOwq3M5x

Data Engineer | Cyber Security Enthusiast